Obstetrics & Gynaecology Mnemonics
Dr K Chaudhry

FIRST Author of Jaypee Brothers

 

 


 

Contents

 

 

Page

01

Gynaecology

03

02

Obstetrics

16

 


 

 

Gynaecology

Causes of Pruritus Vulvae

Very

1. Vaginal discharge

Too

a. Trichomoniasis

Many

b. Moniliasis

Nurses

c. Nonspecific vaginitis and cervicitis

Talented

2. Toxaemic states

Joining

a. Jaundice

University

b. Uraemia

Hostel

c. Hodgkin's disease

Doctors

3. Deficiency diseases

I

a. Iron deficiency anaemia

Purchased

b. Pernicious anaemia

A

c. Achlorhydria

Horse

d. Hypovitaminosis A & B

Doing

4. Diabetes mellitus

Surgery

5. Skin conditions

To

a. Tinea

See

b. Scabes

Picture,

c. Pediculosis

They

d. Threadworms

Have

e. Herpes

Come

f. Contact dermatitis

Definitely

g. Dermatitis medicamentosa

Late;

h. Localised neurodermatitis

So

i. Seborrhoeic dermatitis

Losing

j. Lichen planus

Place

k. Psoriasis

In

l. Intertrigo

Consequence

m. Chronic epithelial dystrophy

Can

6. Carcinoma of vulva

Produce

7. Psychogenic

Infection

8. Idiopathic

Inflammations of Vulva

A. Primary inflammations of vulva

Please

1. Pyogenic infections of hair follicles

a. Folliculitis

b. Furunculosis

Invite

2. Infected sebacious cysts

The

3. Traumatic infections

Any

a. Accidental

Casualty

b. Coital

Officer

c. Obstetric

Operates

d. Operative

Very

4. Venereal infections of vulva

Eminent

5. Eryseplas

Vascular

6. Vulvo-vaginitis in children

Urinary Symptoms

Please

1.        

2.       Pain on micturition

 

Can

Cystitis

Girls

Gonoccal urethritis

Enter?

E. coli urethritis

Repair

 

2. Retention of urine

 

Ruined

Retroverted gravid uterus

My

Myomata incarcerated in pelvis

Huge

Haematocolpos

Plaster

Pelvic haematocele

Of

Ovarian cyst impacted in pelvis

Paris

Postoperative

Duly

 

3. Difficulty in micturition

 

 

 

 

Cystocele

 

 

 

Complete procedentia

The

 

4. True incontinence

 

 

 

 

Urinary fistula

Faculty

 

5. False (stress) incontinence

 

 

 

 

Prolapse

Fan

 

6. Frequency of micturition

 

 

Even

 

Early pregnancy

 

The

 

Term pregnancy

 

Union

 

Urinary infections

 

People

 

Prolapse

 

Pay

 

Pelvic tumours

Types of Vaginitis

See

 

Specific vaginitis

 

 

Go

Gonococcal and other venereal diseases

 

To

Trichomoniasis

 

Mummy

Moniliasis

 

New

 

Nonspecific vaginitis

 

 

Sleep

Streptococci

 

Saves

Staphylococci

 

Energy

E. coli

 

Officer

 

Oestrogen deficiency vaginitis

 

 

 

Very

 

Vulvovaginitis in children

 

 

Simple

 

Senile vaginitis

 

Soon

 

Secondary vaginitis

 

 

 

Face

 

Foreign body

 

 

 

 

 

Vaginal pessary

 

 

 

 

Contraceptive

 

 

 

 

Tampon

 

Is

 

Infective conditions of the cervix

 

 

 

 

 

Endocervicitis

 

 

 

 

Childbirth injuries

 

Under

 

Urinary and rectal fistulae

 

 

My

 

Malignancy of genital tract

 

 

Veil

 

Vaginitis medicamentosa

 

Vaginal Discharge

 

Physiological

 

 

 

Only

 

Ovulation

 

 

Sick

 

Sexual stimulation

 

 

People

 

Premenstrual congestion

 

 

Please

 

Pregnancy

 

 

 

Pathological

 

 

 

Not

 

 

Non-irritating non-odorous white discharge

Police

 

 

Puberty

People

 

 

Pregnancy

Can

 

 

Cervical polyp

Even

 

 

Endocervical infection (mild)

Challan

 

 

Cervical lacerations

Vehicles

 

 

Vaginal infection

In

 

 

Irritating discharge

 

 

 

Trichomonas vaginalis

 

 

 

Candida albicans

Your

 

 

Yellow discharge

Boss

 

 

Bacterial infections of vagina

Is

 

 

Infective cervical polyp or erosion

A

 

 

Acute gonorrhea

Sound

 

 

Septic abortion

Paid

 

 

Puerperal sepsis

Person

 

 

Pyometra

Office

 

 

Offensive discharge

Commonly

 

 

Carcinoma of cervix

Some

 

 

Septic myomatous polyp

Senior

 

 

Septic abortion

Specialist

 

 

Sarcoma of uterus

Comes

 

 

Carcinoma of vagina

For

 

 

Foreign bodies

Treatment

 

 

Trichomonas infection

But

 

 

Blood stained discharge

Obstruction

 

 

Oestrogen deficiency (Senile vaginitis)

Can

 

 

Carcinoma of uterus

Cause

 

 

Cervical polyp

Intense

 

 

Infected submucous fibroid polyp

Ureteric

 

 

Ulcerative lesions

Pain

 

 

Placental polyp

Way

 

 

Watery discharge

Uncle

 

 

Urinary fistula

Has

 

 

Hydrops tubae profluens

Come

 

 

Carcinoma of fallopian tube

Again

 

 

Amniotic fluid leakage

Far

 

 

Faecal discharge

 

 

 

Rectovaginal fistula

Menstrual Abnormalities

Many

 

Menorrhagia

 

 

Fibroid

 

Polyp

 

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Patients

 

Polymenorrhoea (epimenorrhoea)

 

 

Ovarian congestion

 

Ovarian dysfunction

May

 

Metrorrhagia

 

 

 

 

Polyp

 

 

 

Carcinoma of uterus

Create

 

Continuous bleeding

 

 

An

 

Abortion

 

Enema

 

Ectopic pregnancy

 

Cures

 

Carcinoma of cervix or endometrium

 

Many

 

Metropathia haemorrhagica

 

Patients

 

Polyp

Petty

 

Pregnancy haemorrhages

 

 

Sauce

 

Suppressed periods during first few months

 

And

 

Abortion

 

Eggs

 

Ectopic pregnancy

 

Have

 

Hydatidiform mole

 

Arrived

 

Antepartum haemorrhage

Problems

 

Postmenopausal haemorrhage

 

4 Constables

 

 

Carcinoma of cervix

 

 

Carcinoma of body

 

 

Carcinoma of vagina

 

 

Carcinoma of ovaries

Under

 

 

Urethral Caruncle

Some

 

 

Senile vaginitis

Pretext

 

 

Pressure ulcers (from retained ring pessaries)

Punished

 

 

Polyp

Every

 

 

Erosions

Man

 

 

Myoma

Standing

 

 

Sarcoma of uterus

On

 

 

Ovarian tumours

Opera

 

 

Oestrogen administration

D/D Genital Sore

Some

Syphilis

 

Primary sore

Secondary lesions

Gumma

Care

Chancroid

 

Less

Lymphogranuloma venereum

 

 

 

Primary lesion

 

 

Late ulceration

Guys

Granuloma venereum

 

Can

Carcinoma

 

 

 

Of vulva

 

 

Of cervix

Take

Trauma

 

 

 

Physical

 

 

Chemical

A

Acute vulval ulcer (Behcetís syndrome)

 

Second

Scabes

 

Hand

Herpes simplex

 

Heavy

Herpes zoster

 

Tyre

Tuberculosis

 

Causes of Dyspareunia

 

In the male

Can

 

Congenital abnormality of the penis

I

 

 

Impotence

 

 

Peep

 

 

Premature ejaculation

 

 

In?

 

 

Ignorance in coital technique

 

 

In the female

 

 

 

Painful lesions

Very

 

 

 

Vulvitis

 

Under

 

 

 

Urethral caruncle

 

Built

 

 

 

Bartholinís cyst or abcess

 

Thin

 

 

 

Tender operative scars

 

Adult

 

 

 

Anal fissure

 

 

 

 

Obstructive lesions at introitus

Ravindra

 

 

 

Rigid or imperforate hymen

Nath

 

 

 

Narrow ineroitus

 

 

 

 

 

Obstetrical injury or scarring

 

 

 

 

 

Painful episiotomy scar

 

 

 

 

 

Tightly repaired perineal tear

Tagore

 

 

 

Traumatic stenosis

 

 

 

 

 

Congenital hypoplasia

 

 

 

 

 

Kraurosis

 

 

 

 

 

Lichen sclerosis

Seldom

 

 

 

Scar due to chemical burn

 

 

 

 

 

Potassium permanganate

 

 

 

 

 

Lysol

Felt

 

 

 

Functional spasm (vaginismus)

Lonely

 

 

 

Large, tender Bartholinís cyst

 

 

 

Obstructive lesions above the vagina

 

C

 

 

Congenital stenosis of vagina

 

 

A

 

 

Acquired stenosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surgical operations

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical burns

 

T

 

 

Tumours of vagina

 

 

 

 

Uterine conditions

 

 

Cold

 

 

 

Cervicitis

 

Creams

 

 

 

Chronic parametritis

 

Rarely

 

 

 

Retroverted uterus

 

Cold

 

 

 

Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease

 

 

 

Lesions of uterine appendages

 

 

 

Please

 

 

Prolapsed ovaries with retroversion

 

Send

 

 

Salpingo-oophoritis

 

 

Eggs

 

 

Endometriosis

 

 

 

 

Extragenital lesions

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon

Methods of Contraception

 

A.      General

 

 

Total abstinence

 

 

 

Abstinence during fertile phase

 

 

B.      Female

 

 

Sub

 

Spermicidal substances

 

Divisional

 

Douching

 

Officers

 

Occlusive diaphragms

 

Are

 

Altering cervical mucus

 

In

 

Intrauterine contraceptive devices

 

Superior

 

Suppression of ovulation

 

Service

 

Surgical sterilization

 

 

C.      Male

 

Can

 

 

Coitus interruptus

Carry

 

 

Condom

Small

 

 

Suppression of spermatogenesis

Vessel

 

 

Vasectomy

Classification of Amenorrhoea

 

 

Physiological

 

 

 

Papa

 

Prebubertal

 

 

 

Presented

 

 

Pregnancy

 

 

 

Lovely

 

 

Lactation

 

 

 

Pen

 

 

Postmenopausal

 

 

 

 

 

Primary pathological

 

 

 

3 Cars

 

 

Congenital obstructive defects

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncanalisation of cervix

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncanalisation of vagina

 

 

 

 

 

 

Imperforate hymen

 

 

 

 

 

Congenital absence of hypoplasia of uterus

 

 

 

 

 

Congenital aplasia of ovaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnerís syndrome

 

 

 

In

 

 

Intersexualism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pseudohermaphroditism

 

 

 

His

 

 

Hypopituitary dwarfism

 

 

 

House

 

 

Hypothyroid cretinism

 

 

 

 

 

Secondary pathological

 

 

 

 

And

 

Acquired obstruction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operative injury

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical burns

 

 

 

 

How

 

Hysterectomy

 

 

 

 

Often

 

Ovarian dysfunction

 

 

Delhi

 

 

 

 

Destruction of both ovaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Radiation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surgical removal

 

Population

 

 

 

 

Primary ovarian failure

 

 

Has

 

 

 

 

Hyperhormonal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Metropathia (early phases)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hormone administration

Slowly

 

 

 

 

Stein-Leventhal syndrome

Multiplied

 

 

 

 

Masculinizing ovarian tumours

 

Aspirin

 

 

 

 

Arrhenoblastoma

 

 

Has

 

 

 

 

Hilus cell tumour

 

 

Many

 

 

 

 

Masculinising luteoma

 

Advantages

 

 

 

 

Adrenal like tumours

 

 

Picture

 

Pituitary disorders

 

 

Please

 

 

 

 

Psychological

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anorexia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pituitary shock

Buy

 

 

 

 

Basophil adenoma

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cushingís disease

A

 

 

 

 

Acidophil tumours

Pen

 

 

 

 

Pituitary failure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chromophobe adenoma

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cysts

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simmondís disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postpartum pituitary necrosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chiari-Frommel syndrome

 

 

At

 

Adrenal dysfunction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adrenal cortical hyperplasia (Adrenogenital syndrome)

 

 

 

 

 

Adrenal cortical tumours

 

 

 

 

 

 

Addissonís disease

 

 

 

The

 

Thyroid dysfunction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hyperthyroidism

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypothyroidism (late stages)

 

 

Door

 

Diabetes mellitus

 

 

 

 

Darshan

 

Debilitating general disease

 

 

 

 

Not

 

Nutritional

 

 

 

 

Colourful

 

Chromosomal anomalies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnerís syndrome

 

 

 

 

 

 

Klinefelterís syndrome

 

 

 

 

 

 

Super-female

 

Indications of Progestogen Therapy

In

Inhibition of evulsion, ovulation pain and ovulation bleeding

Charge

Contraception

S

Spasmodic dysmenorrhoea

P

Premenstrual tension

M

Metropathia haemorrhagica

Department

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Puts

Puberty menorrhagia

Purse

Pregnancy test

And

Amenorrhoea

Pen

Pituitary rebound

Mostly

Menstrual irregularities

In

Infertility

An

Abortion

Emergency

Endometriosis

Unit

Uterine carcinoma

Causes of Menorrhagia

General

 

Blood dyscrasia

Severe anaemia

Local

 

Film

Fibroid uterus

Stars

Salpingo-oophoritis

Retain

Retroverted uterus

Charm

Chocolate cyst of ovary

Endlessly

Endometriosis

Endocrine disorders

 

He

Hyperthyroidism (early stages)

Met

Myxoedema

A

Acromegaly (early stages)

Doctor

Diabetes mellitusw

Operative Complications of Prolapse Uterus

Early

Renal

Retention of urine

Colic?

Cystitis and pyelonephritis

Have

Haemorrhage

I

Infection

V

Visceral injuries

P

Phlebothrombosis and pulmonary embolism

Late

Ration

Recurrence of prolapsed

Delivery

Dyspareunia

Assistant

Abortion, premature labour, and dystocia

Degenerative Changes in Fibroid

A

Atrophic changes

High

Hyaline degeneration

Class

Cystic degeration

F

Fatty degeration

R

Red degeneration

C

Calcareous degeneration

S

Sarcomatous degeneration

Effects of Fibroid

On pregnancy

 

Send

Sterility

A

Abortion or miscarriage

Male

Malpresentation

Person

Placenta praevia

Preferably

Premature labour

On labour

 

Unions

Uterine inertia

Often

Obstructed labour

Demand

Delayed labour

Repeat

Retained placenta

Poll

Postpartum haemorrhage

On puerperium

 

Please

Puerperal sepsis

Supply

Subinvolution

Pant

Puerperal retroversion

Piece

Postpartum haemorrhage (secondary)

Immediately

Inversion of uterus

Ovarian Tumours

Arising from surface epithelium of ovaries

 

Benign

Sensible

 

Simple serous cystedenoma

 

People

 

Paillary serous cystedenoma

 

Play

 

Pseudomucinous cystedenoma

 

Badminton

 

Brenner tumour

 

Malignant

Some

 

Serous cystadenocarcinoma

 

People

 

Pseudomucinous cystadenocarcinoma

 

See

 

Solid carcinoma

 

Match

 

Mesonephroma

 

Metastatic tumours

 

Typical from :-

Selected

 

 

Stomach

In

 

 

Intestine

Bombay

 

 

Breast

University

 

 

Uterus

Atypical

 

Krukenberg tumour

 

Arising from connective tissue of ovary

 

Fibromata (benign)

 

 

Sarcomata (malignant)

 

 

Arising from ovum

 

Disco

Dermoid cyst

 

 

Star

Solid teratoma

 

 

Coming

Chorion epithelioma

 

 

Soon

Struma ovarr

 

 

Arising from primitive mesenchyme

 

Feminising

 

 

Great

 

Granulosa cell tumour

 

True

 

Theca cell tumour

 

Lovers

 

Luteoma

 

Neuter

 

 

 

Dysgerminoma (seminoma)

 

Virilising

 

 

A

 

Arrhenoblastoma

 

Splendid

 

Suprarenal cortical tumour

 

Home

 

Hilus cell tumour

 

Mixed

 

 

 

Gyneandroblastoma

 

Signs of Developing Secondary Toxaemia

A

1.       Albuminuria and oliguria

Person

2.       Persistent tachycardia

May

3.       Marked loss of flesh

Find

4.       Furring of tongue

Judgement

5.       Jaundice

Never

6.       Nystagmus, central scoloma and retinal haemorrhages

Before

7.       Bulbar and limb palsies

Delivered

8.       Delirium

Diagnostic Value of X-rays

Daily

Differential diagnosis of pregnancy

Some

Suspected vascular mole

Passengers

Pregnancy with fibroids

Pay

Pregnancy denied by patient

Cancellation

Confirmation of lie and presentation

Charges

Confirmation of hydramnios, multiple pregnancy, breech presentation, etc

Railway

Risk of prematurity at caesarean section

Staff

Suspected anencephaly

Found

Foetal age

Definitely

Dead foetus

Punishing

Pelvimetry

Poor

Progress of labour

People

Placentography

B.


 

Obstetrics

Classification of Abortion

A. Depending upon degree

Ticket

1. Threatened abortion

Inspector

2. Inevitable abortion

Is

3. Incomplete abortion

Cunning

4. Complete abortion

Man

5. Missed abortion

B. Depending upon cause

Senior

1. Spontaneous abortion

High

2. Habitual abortion

Court

3. Criminal abortion

Lawyer

4. Legal abortion

C. Depending upon infection

Serial

1. Septic abortion

Number

2. Nonseptic abortion

Complications of Evacuation

Some

1. Sock

Solid

2. Sepsis

Thing

3. Thrombophlebitis

Inside

4. Injuries

a. Laceration of cervix

b. Perforation

Causes of Abortion

An

A. Abnormalities of foetus

1. Maldevelopment

2. Intrauterine death

I

a. Infections

Praise

b. Poisons

Experts

c. X-rays

Anti

B. Abnormalities of placenta and membranes

Having

1. Hydatidiform mole

A

2. Acute hydramnios

Painful

3. Placenta praevia

Period

4. Placental infarction

Malarial

C. Maternal diseases

Take

1. Toxic states with high fever

A

2. Anoxic states

Suit

a. Severe shock or anaemia

Case

b. Congestive heart failure

Ready

c. Respiratory failure

(i) Bronchial asthma

(ii) Anaesthesia

Car

3. Chronic disease

Some

a. Syphilis

Take

b. Tuberculosis

Heavy

c. Hypertension

Commission

d. Chronic glomerulonephritis

Tablet

D. Trauma

Do

1. Direct blows or kicks in abdomen

Surgery

2. Severe fall and other accidents

In

3. Instrumentation

Severe

4. Surgical operations on gravid uterus

Cases

5. Coitus in retroverted uterus

Every

E. Emotional

Get

1. Grief or fright

One

2. Overfatigue

Sample

3. Schizophrenia

Again

4. Anxiety neurosis

Day

F. Drugs

Long

1. Lead

Queue

2. Quinine

Everyday

3. Ergot

Helps

G. Hypovitaminosis

1. Vitamin deficiency

2. Folic acid deficiency

Even

H. Endocrine disorders

1. Hypothyroidism

2. Diabetes mellitus

Greatly

I. Genital tract abnormalities

1. Displacement of uterus

- Retroflexion

2. Malformations of uterus

3. Cervical incompetence

4. Acute red degeneration

a. Bicornuate uterus

b. Septate, subseptate and arcuate uterus

Causes of Postpartum Haemorrhage

Thermal

 

Trauma

 

 

Liquidated

Laceration of clitoris

 

Lone

Laceration of bulbocavernous area of vestibule

Rebel

Ruptured varix of vulva or vagina

 

Police

Perineal or vaginal tears

 

Constable

Cervical tear

 

Unit

 

Uterine atony

 

 

Every

Exhaution from prolonged labour

 

Analyst

Anaesthesia

 

Got

Grand multiparity

 

One

Overdistension of uterus

 

 

 

Twins

 

 

Hydramnios

 

 

Large foetus

 

 

Abruptio placentae

Unit

Uterine anomalies

 

 

 

Tumours

 

 

Operative scars

At

 

Abnormalities at placental site

 

 

 

 

Retained placental piece

 

 

Cornual placenta

Azam

 

Abnormal uterine action

 

 

Call

Constriction rings

 

In

Improper conduct of labour

 

Police

Precipitate labour

 

Post

Premature attempts to remove placenta

Bagh

 

Bleeding disorders

 

 

 

Afibrinogenaemia

 

 

Scurvy

 

 

Purpura

 

Hypertensive States of Pregnancy

1.       Gestational oedema

3Giants

2.       Gestational proteinuria

 

3.       Gestational hypertension

Pushed

4.       Pre-eclampsia

Every

5.       Eclampsia

Student

6.       Superimposed pre-eclampsia or eclampsia

Causing

7.       Chronic hypertensive disease

Unrest

8.       Unclassified hypertensive disorders

Indications of Induction of Labour

Maternal

 

 

Papa

Pre-Eclampsia

 

Has

Hypertension

 

Returned

Renal disorders

 

Duck

Diabetes mellitus

 

Eggs

Erythroblastosis

 

And

Abruptio placentae

 

Container

Contracted pelvis (mild)

 

As

Accidental haemorrhage

 

He

Hydramnios

 

Had

Hyperemesis gravidarum

 

Chosen

Chorea

 

Many

Medical termination of pregnancy (12-20 weeks)

 

Foetal

 

 

Please

Past history

 

 

Large babies

 

Recurrent intrauterine deaths at term

Deliver

Deadfoetus

 

Pink

Postmaturity

 

Rose

Rh incompatibility

 

Manually

Malformation

 

Methods of Induction of Labour

Papa

 

Physical stimulation

 

 

 

Breast massage

 

 

Uterus massage per abdomen

 

Makes

 

Mechanical methods

 

 

 

Amniotomy

 

 

 

High rupture of membranes

 

 

Low rupture of membranes

 

Stripping the membranes from cervix

Us

 

Uterotonic agentsExchange aspiration

One

Oxytocin

 

Sample

Sparteine sulphate

Of

Oestrogen (for dead foetus)

Powder

Prostaglandins (for dead foetus)

 

Exchange aspiration

 

Hypertonic saline

 

High concentration glucose

Complications of Induction of Labour

Tetanic contractions

Rupture of uterus

Abruptio placentae

Amniotic embolism

Postpartum haemorrhage

Cervical laceration

Foetal distress

Anoxaemia

Birth injuries

Foetal death

Maternal death

Maternal anxiety

Prolonged labour

Prolapsed cord

Pelvic infection

Prematurity

Hypofibrinogenaemia

Antidiuretic water intoxication

Contraindications of Version

He

Hypertensive states

Had

Hydrocephalus

Put

Placenta praevia

Plenty

Placental dysfunction

On

Operative scars

Poor

Presenting part engaged

Risk

Ruptured membranes

Complications of Version

I

Injury to the uterus

Shall

Separation of placenta

Keep

Kinking or prolapse of cord

Red

Rupture of membranes

Piece

Premature labour

Causes of Uterine Inertia

Police

Psychological

 

Officer

Overdistention

 

Hydramnios

Twins

Failed

Full bladder or rectum

 

To

Too early confinement to bed

 

Feed

Fibrous or elastic tissue excess

 

Pets

Premature induction of labour

 

Causes of Obstructed Labour

Maternal

 

 

Central

Contracted pelvis

 

Tent

Tumours of pelvic bones

 

Of

Ovarian or uterine tumours

 

Cricket

Cervical or vaginal stenosis

 

Club

Constriction ring

 

Foetal

 

 

Malpresentation

 

Be

 

Brow presentation

Fair

 

Face presentation

Sanitary

 

Shoulder presentation

Inspector

 

Impacted breech presentation

Locked twins

 

Abnormal foetus

 

Hey

 

Hydrocephalus

Guys

 

Gigantism

Add

 

Abdominal tumours

And

 

Ascites

Deduct

 

Double monsters

Causes of Delayed Involution

Punish

Puerperal sepsis

These

Thrombophlebitis

Persons

Puerperal haemorrage

Under

Urinary infection

Charges

Choriocarcinoma

Made

Mastitis and breast abscess

Now

Neuritis and puerperal mania

Causes of puerperal sepsis

Prime

 

Prolonged labour

 

Minister

 

Manipulation and instrumentation

 

Returns

 

Retention of placental pieces and blood clots

 

Home

 

Haemorrhage

 

Late

 

Lowered resistance

 

An

Anaemia

M

Malnutrition

D

Dehydration

Doctor

Debilitating diseases

Causes of Prematurity

Little

Lady under 20 years of age

Master

Multiple pregnancy

Made

Malnutrition

Hundred

Hypertensive states

Runs

Renal disorders

Did

Diabetes mellitus

See

Syphilis

Through

Toxaemia of pregnancy

A

Accidental haemorrhage

Pace

Placenta praevia

Attack

Acute infections

Complications of Prematurity

I

Infections

Have

Hypoxia

To

Trauma

Have

Haemorrhage

A

Anaemia

Coffee

Cyanosis

Just

Jaundice

On

Oedema

Rising

Retinopathy

Causes of Infertility

Never

Nutritional

 

Iron deficiency anaemia

Hypovitaminosis

Enter

Endocrinal

 

Pituitary dysfunction

Hypothyroidism

Hyperadrenalism

Vein

Vaginal

 

 

 

Imperforate or cribriform hymen

 

 

Vaginitis

Through

Tubal

 

 

 

Salpingitis

 

 

Congenital atresia

 

 

False passages

Un

Uterine

 

 

 

Tumours

 

 

Hypoplasia

Clean

Cervical

 

 

 

Pinhole cervix

 

 

Cervical tumours or polyps

 

 

Cervicitis

Open

Ovarian

 

 

 

Oophoritis

 

 

Tumours

Prick

Psychic

 

 

 

Anorexia nervosa

 

 

Schizophrenia

Causes of