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Dr K Chaudhry
DoctorKC's
Anatomy Made Easy 

With Mnemonics

by
Saksham Chaudhry


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Introduction Osteology Muscular System Arthrology Cardio Vascular System
Respiratory System Digestive System Genito-Urinary System Endocrine System Nervous System
Special Sensory Organs Lymphatic System Surface Anatomy Cross Sectional Anatomy Histology
General Embryology Systemic Embryology Human Genetics AIIMS Syllabus
Chapter 3
Muscular System
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Chapter 3. Muscular System

Muscles of the Head


 
Muscle
Origin
Insertion
Action
Muscles of facial expression
Occipitofrontalis
Occipital bone
Skin of eye brow
Elevates eye brows
orbicularis oculi
Maxilla & frontal Skin
around the eye
Closes eye
Orbicularis oris
Maxilla & mandible
Skin around the lips
Closes lip
Buccinator
Mandible & maxilla
Corner of mouth
Flattens cheeks
Zygomaticus muscles
Zygomatic bone
Corner of mouth
Elevates corner of mouth
Levator labii superioris
Maxilla
Upper lip
Elevates upper lip
Corrugator supercilli
Frontal bone
Skin of eye brow
Lowers and draws together eye brows
Depressor anguli oris
Mandible
Lower lip near corner of mouth
Depresses corner Of the mouth
Muscles of mastication
Temporalis
Temporal region on side of the skull
Mandible
Closes jaw
Massetor
Zygomatic arch
Mandible
Closes jaw
Muscles that move the head of Trapezius
Occipital bone And vertebrae
Scapula and Clavicle
Extends head and neck
Sternocleidomastoid
Sternum & clavicle
Mastoid process of temporal bone
Rotates head and flexes neck

Muscles of Facial Expression
 
A. Muscles of scalp
Operation
1. Occipitofrontalis
Theatre
2. Temporoparietalis
B. Muscles of eyelids
Line
1. Levator palpebrae superioris
Of
2. Orbicularis oculi
Control
3. Corrugator supercilli
C. Muscles of nose
Post
1. Procerus
Natal
2. Nasalis
Depression
3. Depressor septi
D. Muscles of mouth
Little
1. Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
Lovely
2. Levator labii superioris
Babes
3. Buccinator
Like
4. Levator anguli oris
Many
5. Zygomatic major
More
6. Zygomatic minor
Domestic
7. Depressor labii inferioris
Dogs
8. Depressor anguli oris
On
9. Orbicularis oris
Merry
10. Mentalis
Rounds
11. Risorius

Muscles of Mastication
 
Most
1. Masseter
Teachers
2. Temporalis
Like
3. Lateral pterygoid
Me
4. Medial pterygoid

Muscles of the neck (Anterolateral region)
 
Some
A. Superficial and lateral cervical
Please
1. Platysma
Take
2. Trapezius
Santro
3. Sternocleidomastoid
Simply
B. Sternohyoid and infrahyoid
a. Suprahyoid
Dil
1. Digastric
Se
2. Stylohyoid
Milo
3. Mylohoid
Gale
4. Goniohyoid
b. Infrahoid
Some
1. Sternohyoid
Students
2. Sternothyroid
Tasting
3. Thyrohyoid
Oranges
4. Omohyoid
Arrive
C. Anterior vertebral
Lone
1. Longus coli
Lady
2. Longus capitis
Running
3. Rectus capitis superioris
Racket
4. Rectus capitis lateralis
Late
D. Lateral vertebral
Some
1. Scalenous anterior
Samples
2. Scalenous medius
Stolen
3. Scalenous posterior

Deep muscles of the back
 
Senior
1. Splenius capitis
Engineers
2. Erector spinae
Invited
3. Interspinales
In
4. Intertransversarii
States
5. Splenius cervices
To
6. Transversospinalis
See
7. Semispinalis
Machines
8. Multifidus
Running
9. Rotatores

Suboccipital Muscles
 
Rail
1. Rectus capitis posterior major
Reservation
2. Rectus capitis posterior minor
Office
3. Obliquus capitis inferior
Open
4. Obliquus capitis superior

Muscles of the Thorax
 
India
1. Intercostales externi
Interested
2. Intercostale interni
In
3. Interspinales
Selling
4. Subcostales
Low
5. Levatores costorum
Speed
6. Serratus posterior superior
Semi
7. Serratus posterior inferior
Damaged
8. Diaphragm
Trams
9. Transversus thoracis

Muscles of the Abdomen
 
A. Anterolateral muscles
Old
1. Obliquus externus
Officers
2. Obliquus internus
Can
3. Cremaster
Take
4. Transversus
Remaining
5. Rectus
Projects
6. Pyramidalis
B. Posterior muscles
Pious
1. Psoas major
Preachings
2. Psoas minor
In
3. Iliacus
Quran
4. Quaratus lumborum

Muscles of the Pelvis
 
Old
1. Obturator internus
People
2. Piriformis
Lack
3. Levator ani
Confidence
4. Coccygeus

Muscles of the Perineum
 
A. Anal region
- Superior ani externus
B. Urogenital region
T
1. Transversus perinei superficialis
B
2. Bulbospongiosus
In
3. Ischiocavernosus
Terminal
4. Transversus perinei profundus
Stages
5. Sphincter urethrae

Muscles of the Upper Limb
 
A. Muscles connecting upper limb with vertebral column
The
1. Trapezius
Late
2. Latissimus dorsi
Runner
3. Rhomboideus major
Reaches
4. Rhomboideus minor
Late
5. Levator scapulae
B. Muscles connecting upper limb with anterior and lateral thoracic walls
Please
1. Pectoralis major
Pack
2. Pectoralis minor
Six
3. Subclavious
Shirts
4. Serratus anterior
C. Muscles of the shoulder
Done
1. Deltoid
Some
2. Subscapularis
Saving
3. Supraspinatus
In
4. Infraspinatus
The
5. Teres minor
Trade
6. Teres major
D. Muscles of the upper arm 
Can
1. Coracobrachialis
Buy
2. Biceps brachii
Beautiful
3. Brachialis
Things
4. Triceps
E. Muscles of the forearm
a. Anerior antebrachial muscles
i.Superficial group
Please
1. Pronator teres
Find
2. Flexor carpi radialis
Place
3. Palmaris longus
For
4. Flexor carpi ulnaris
Family
5. Flexor digitorum superficialis
ii. Deep group
Free
1. Flexor digitorum profundus
For
2. Flexor qollis longus
Poor
3. Pronator quadratus
b. Posterior antebrachial muscles
i.Superficial group
Boiling
1. Brachioradialis
2. External carpi radialis longus
3. External carpi radialis brevis
(5) Eggs
4. External digitorum
5. External digiti minimi
6.External carpi ulnaris
Again
7. Anconeus
ii. Deep group
Suspend
1. Supinator
All
2. Abductor pollicis longus
3. Extensor pollicis brevis
(3) Engineers
4. Extensor pollicis longus
5. Extensor indicis
F. Muscles of hand
a. Lateral muscles of palm
An
1. Abductor pollicis brevis 
Offer
2. Opponens pollicis
For
3. Flexor pollicis brevis
All
4. Adductor pollicis
b. Medial muscles of palm
Purchase
5. Palmaris brevis
Agents
6. Abductor digiti minimi
For
7. Flexor digiti minimi brevis
Old
8. Opponens digiti minimi
c. Intermediate muscles
Lock
9. Lumbricals (4)
Industries
10. Interossei
Dorsal inerossei
Palmar interossei

Muscles of the Lower Limb
 
A. Muscles of the iliac region
People
1. Psoas major
Praise
2. Psoas minor
India
3. Iliacus
B. Muscles of the thigh
a. Anterior femoral muscles
Two
1. Tensor fasciae latae
Separate
2. Sartorius
Ques
3. Quadriceps femoris
Really
i. Rectus femoris
Very
ii. Vastus lateralis
Vague
iii. Vastus medialis
Version
iv. Vastus intermedius
Arranged
4. Articularis genu
b. Medial femoral muscles
Great
1. Gracilis
People
2. Pectineus
Are
3. Adductor longus
Always
4. Adductor brevis
Admired
5. Adductor magnus
c. Gluteal muscles
German
1. Gluteus maximus
Graduate
2. Gluteus medius
Girls
3. Gluteus minimus
Prefer
4. Piriformis
Only
5. Obturator internus
German
6. Gemellus superior
Graduate
7. Gemellus inferior
Query
8. Quadratus femoris
Officers
9. Quadratus externus
d. Posterior femoral muscles
Blind
1. Biceps femoris
Students
2. Semitendinosus
Society
3. Semimembranosus
C. Muscles of the leg
a. Anterior crural muscles
To
1. Tibialis anterior
Enjoy
2. Extensor hallucis longus
Enter
3. Extensor digitorum longus
Please
4. Peroneous tertius
b. Lateral crural muscles
Private
1. Peroneus longus
Practice
2. Peroneus brevis
c. Posterior crural muscles
i. Superficial group
Great
1. Gastrocnemius
Sounding
2. Soleus
Plan
3. Plantaris
ii. Deep group
Perhaps
1. Popliteus
Four
2. Flexor hallucis longus
Feet
3. Flexor digitorum longus
Tall
4. Tibialis posterior
D. Muscles of the foot
i. Dorsal muscle
- Extensor digitorum brevis
ii. Plantar : First layer
All
1. Abductor hallucis
Fat
2. Flexor digitorum brevis
And
3. Abductor digiti minimi
Plantar : Second layer
Fair
1. Flexor digitorium accessorius
Love
2. Lumbricals
Plantar : Third layer
Fat
1. Flexor hallucis brevis
And
2. Adductor hallucis
Fair
3. Flexor digiti minimi brevis
Plantar : Fourth layer
Indeed
- Interossei

(a) Classification and identification of the muscles of the body: main attachments, nerve supply and

action(s), microscopic anatomy of muscles and the nerve terminations.

(b) Details of attachments of the muscles; ultrastructural features of muscle; mechanism of the movement

caused by the muscle/muscles and various forces exerted by them and their detailed action(s).


 

 

 
 
 

 

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