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Dr K Chaudhry
DoctorKC's
Anatomy Made Easy 

With Mnemonics

by
Saksham Chaudhry


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Introduction Osteology Muscular System Arthrology Cardio Vascular System
Respiratory System Digestive System Genito-Urinary System Endocrine System Nervous System
Special Sensory Organs Lymphatic System Surface Anatomy Cross Sectional Anatomy Histology
General Embryology Systemic Embryology Human Genetics AIIMS Syllabus
Chapter 5
Cardiovascular System
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Chapter 5. Cardiovascular System

Aorta has four components viz

An
1. Ascending aorta
Ace
2. Arch of aorta
Trail
3. Thoracic aorta
Arrives
4. Abdominal aorta
1. Ascending aorta


A. Right coronary artery

Rarely
1. Right atrial
People
2. Posterior descending
Ride
3. Right marginal
Passenger
4. Preventricular
Train
5. Transverse
B. Left coronary artery
A
1. Anterior descending
Care
2.Circumflex
Less
3. Left marginal
Lady
4. Left atrial
Teacher
5. Terminal
2. Arch of aorta
I
A. Innominate
1. Right common carotid
2. Right subclavian
Like
B. Left common carotid 
Lemons
C. Left subclavian
Relations
Arch of Aorta
A. Posterior and to the right
Taste
1. Trachea
Only
2. Oesophagus
Last
3. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Three
4. Thoracic duct
Varieties
5. Vertebral column
B. Anterior and to the left
Long
1. Lung and pleura
Live
2. Left phrenic
Lovely
3. Left vagus
Charming
4. Cardiac nerves
Star
5. Superior intercostal vein
C. Below
Low
1. Left bronchus
Rivers
2. Right pulmonary artery
Lose
3. Ligamentum arteriosum
Land
4. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Surface
5. Superficial cardiac plexus
D. Above
Lost
1. Left common carotid
Lighter
2. Left subclavian
In
3. Innominate
The
4. Thymus
Lane
5. Left innominate vein
Common Carotid Artery
1. External carotid
 
Some
a. Superior thyroid
High
Hyoid
Standard
Sternocleidomastoid
Schools
Superior laryngeal
Create
Cricothyroid
Many
Muscular
Genius
Glandular
Arrogant
b. Asending pharyngeal
People
Pharyngeal
Put
Palatine
Purse
Prevertebral
In
Inferior tympanic
Pocket
Posterior meningeal
Lady
c. Lingual
He
Hyoid
Distributed
Dorsal
Some
Sublingual
Pencils
Profunda linguae
Education
d. External maxillary (Facial)
A
Ascending palatine
Tall
Tonsillar
Girl
Glandular
Should
Submental
Marry
Muscular
In
Inferior labial
Lower
Lateral nasal
Age
Angular
Officer
e. Occipital
M
Muscular
S
Sternocleidomastoid
After
Auricular
M
Meningeal
D
Descending mastoid
Means
Medial terminal
Loss
Lateral terminal
Pricking
f. Posterior auricular
May
Muscular
Anyone
Auricular
Stay
Stylomstoid
On
Occipital
Please
Parotid
Senior
g. Superficial temporal
Turn
Transverse facial
And
Anterior articular
Meet
Middle temporal
Preity
Parotid
Zinta
Zygomatic orbital
From
Frontal
Park
Parietal
Avenue
Articular
Inspectors
h. Internal maxillary
My
i. Mandibular portion
Assistant
Anterior tympanic
Divisional
Deep auricular
Manager
Middle meningeal
Air
Accessory meningeal
India
Inferior alveolar
Party
ii. Pterygoid portion
Delhi
Deep temporal
Public
Pterigoid
Milk
Masseter
Booths
Buccinator
iii. Pterygo-palatine portion
Pakistani
Place
Posterior superior
And
Alveolar
Indian
Infraorbital
Dancers'
Descending palatine
Association
Artery of pterygoid canal
Playing
Pharyngeal
Skit
Sphenopalatine
2. Internal carotid
 
People
i. Petrous portion
 
Chartered
Corticotympanic
 
Accountants
Artery of pterygoid canal
 
Can
ii.Cavernous portion
 
Charge
Cavernous
 
Heavily;
Hypoglossal
 
Some
Semilunar
 
Assistants
Anterior meningeal
 
Often
Ophthalmic
 
Come
iii. Cerebral portion
 
Are
Anterior cerebral
 
Minimum
Middle cerebral
 
Price
Posterior communicating
 
Chargers
Choroid
 
Relations of Common Carotid Artery
Common Carotid Artery
A. Anterior
Some
1. Sternohyoid
Senior
2. Sternothyroid
Lady
3. Left pleura - anterior portion
Left
4. Left brachiocephalic vein
Tennis
5. Thymus
B. Posterior
The
1. Trachea
Little
2. Left subclavian artery
Lad
3. Left edge of oesophagus
Licking
4. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Tomato
5. Thoracic duct
C. Right
Better
1. Brachiocephalic trunk
Travel
2. Trachea
In
3. Inferior thyroid veins
Train
4. Thymus
D. Left
Ladies
1. Left vagus nerve
Pay
2. Phrenic nerve
Little
3. Left pleura and lung

Subclavian Artery

Very
1. Vertebral
a. Cervical
Share
Spinal
Market
Muscular
b.Cranial
M
Meningeal
P's
Posterior spinal
And
Anterior spinal
M
Medullary
P's
Posterior inferior
Coming
Cerebellar
Tall
2. Thyrocervical trunk
International
Inferior thyroid
Travel
Transverse scapular
Ticket
Tranverse cervical
Insurance
3. Internal mammary
Pick
Pericardiacophrenic
And
Anterior mediastinal
Try
Thymic
Pashmina
Pericardial
Shawls
Sternal
And
Anterior intercostal
Pure
Perforating
Material
Musculophrenic
Sarees
Superior epigastric
Claim
4. Costo-cervical trunk
Some
Superior intercostal
Decent
Deep cervical
Assistant
Aberrant
Subclavian artery continues as Axillary artery
Axillary artery
Heavy
1. Highest thoracic
Talented
2. Thoracoacromial
Pay
Pectoral
And
Acromial
Come
Clavicular
Down
Deltoid
Lovely
3. Lateral thoracic (External mammary)
Smart
4. Subcapsular
Sales
Scapular circumflex
Tax
Thoracodorsal
Personal
5. Posterior humeral circumflex
Most
Muscular
Apes
Articular
Never
Nutrient
Attack
Acromial
Assistant
6. Anterior humeral
My
Muscular
Big
Bicipital
Pen
Pectoral
Axillary artery continues as Brachial artery
Brachial Artery
Police
1. Profunda brachii
Deltoid
Middle collateral
Radial collateral
Nutrient
Never
2. Nutrient
Make
3. Muscular
Second
4. Superior ulnar collateral
Information
5. Inferior ulnar collateral
Report
6. Radial : In forearm
Regional
Radial recurrent
Mutton
Muscular
Vendors
Volar radial carpal
Society
Superior volar
(Radial) : At wrist
Did
Dorsal radial carpal
Finally
First dorsal metacarpal
(Radial) : In hand
Publish
Princeps pollicis
Very
Volaris indicis radialis
Very
Volar metacarpal (3)
Purposeful
Perforating (3)
Research
Recurrent
Urgently
7. Ulnar : In forearm
A
Anterior ulnar recurrent
P
Posterior ulnar recurrent
C
Common interosseous
May
Muscular
(Ulnar) : At wrist
Develop
Dorsal carpal
Very
Volar carpal
(Ulnar) : In hand
Distressing
Deep volar
Stomachache
Superficial volar arch

 

3.Descending Thoracic Aorta

Very
Visceral
Please
Pericardial
Buy
Bronchial
Other
Oesophageal
Material
Mediastinal
Painful
Parietal
Indian
Intercostal (9 pairs)
Anterior ramus
Coming
Collateral Intercostal
Late
Lateral Cutaneous
Mr
Muscular
Montu
Mammary.
Posterior ramus
Some
Spinal branch
Members
Muscular branches
Coming
Cutaneous branches
Security
Subcostal
Posterior branch
Services
Superior phrenic
Begins   At left side of lower border of 4th thoracic vertebra as continuation of the arch of aorta


Ends      In front of the lower border of 12th dorsal vertebra  at the aortic hiatus in the diaphragm, by becoming abdominal aorta
Relations

A. Anterior (From above downwards) 
Rude
1. Root of left lung
Persons
2. Pericardium
Offen
3. Oesophagus (at lower part of thorax)
Decline
4. Diaphragm
B. Posterior
1. Vertebral column
2. Hemiazygos vein
C. Right
A
1. Azygos vein
Tall
2. Thoracic duct
Officer
3. Oesophagus (at upper part)
D. Left 
Pretty
1. Pleura
Lady
2. Left lung
Officer
3. Oesophagus (close to diaphragm)
4. Abdominal Aorta 

 
Caesarean
A. Coeliac
Lone
1. Left gastric
Ozone
Oesophageal branches
Gas
Gastric branches
Constable
2. Common hepatic
Can't
Cystic (Proper hepatic)
Really
Right gastric
Guess
Gastroduodenal
Right Gastroepiploic 
Superior Pancreaticoduodenal
Supraduodenal 
Sleeping
3. Splenic
Please
Pancreatic magna
Leave
Left gastroepiploic
Some
Short gastric
Thing
Terminal splenic
Section
B. Superior mesenteric
Ill
1. Inferior pancreatico-duodenal
Intentions
2. Intestinal
In
3. Ileo-colic 
Rosy's
4. Right colic
Mind
5. Middle colic
In
C. Inferior mesenteric
Light
1. Left colic
Shade
2. Sigmoid
Superb
3. Superior haemorrhoidal
Many
D. Middle suprarenal
Races
E. Renal
Injured
1. Inferior suprarenal
Cops
2. Capsular or perirenal
Under
3. Ureteric
Treatment
4. Terminal
Induces
F. Internal spermatic or ovarian
Irregular
G. Inferior phrenic
Many
1. Medial
Ladies
2. Lateral
Smartly
3. Superior suprarenal 
Handle
4. Hepatic
P
5. Pericardial
C
6. Caval (right side only)
O'
7. Oesophageal (left side only)
s
8. Splenic (left side only)
Late 
H. Lumbar (4 pairs)
Menstrual
I. Middle sacral 
Cycle
J. Common iliac - Anterior trunk
Some
1. Superior vesical
Universal
Urachal
Underwears
Ureteric
Very
Vesical
Delicate
Deferential
Medical
2. Middle vesical
Men
3. Middle haemorrhoidal
Ofen
4. Obturator
Invite
Iliac
Very
Vesical
Prominent
Pubic
And
Anterior terminal
Popular
Posterior terminal
Medical
Muscular
Advisers
Acetabular
Invest
5. Internal pudendal
Men
Muscular
Inside
Inferior haemorrhoidal
Push
Perineal
Upper
Urethral
Door
Deep artery of penis/clitoris
In
6. Inferior gluteal
My
Muscular
Very
Vesical
Caring
Coccygeal
Aunt
Anastomotic 
Arriving
Articular
Unique
7. Uterine
Ventures
8. Vaginal
Common iliac - Posterior trunk
In
1. Ilio-lumbar
Iliac
Lumbar 
Late
2. Lateral sacral
Sixties
3. Superior gluteal
Money
Muscular
In
Iliac
Safe
Superficial
Deposit
Deep

Abdominal Aorta
Begins   At the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm, in front of the lower border of the body of the last thoracic vertebra
Ends     On the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra, commonly a little to the left of the middle line, 103 by dividing into the two common iliac arteries
Relations

A. Anterior
Little
Lesser omentum
School
Stomach
Boy
Branches of the celiac artery 
Broke
Branches of the celiac plexus
Some
Splenic vein
Parking
Pancreas
Lights
Left renal vein
During
Duodenum, inferior part
My
Mesentery
Absence
Aortic plexus
B. Posterior
All
Anterior longitudinal ligament
Indian
Intervertebral fibrocartilages
Lads
Left lumbar veins
Leaning
Lumbar vertebra
C. Right
Anyone
Azygos vein
Can
Cisterna chyli
Try
Thoracic duct
Roaming
Right crus of the diaphragm
In
Inferior vena cava
Rome
Right celiac ganglion
D. Left
Long
Left crus of the diaphragm
Live
Left celiac ganglion
Devinder
Duodenum, ascending part
Singh
Small intestine
Common iliac artery bifurcates into external iliac artery and internal iliac artery


External Iliac 

I
1. Inferior epigastric
Continuing
a. Cutaneous
Medical
b. Muscular
Education
c. External spermatic
Planned
d. Pubic
Date
2. Deep iliac circumflex
a. Muscular
b. Cutaneous
My
3. Muscular
Girl
4. Glandular
External iliac continues as Femoral artery
Femoral Artery
Sardar
1. Superior epigastric
Christian
a. Cutaneous
Medical
b. Muscular
Hospital
c. Hepatic
Purchased
d. Peritoneal
X-Ray
e. Xiphoid
Plant
f. Phrenic
Santokh
2. Superficial iliac circumflex
Man
a. Muscular
In
b. Iliac
Casuals
c. Circumflex
Singh
3. Superficial external pudendal
Deputy
4. Deep external pudendal
Minister
5. Muscular
Paid
6. Profunda femoris
Many
a. Medial femoral circumflex
Ladies
b. Lateral femoral circumflex
Prefer
c. Perforating (3)
Men
d. Muscular
Homage
7. Highest genicular
Some
a. Saphenous
More
b. Muscular
People
c. Patellar
Arriving
d. Articular
Femoral artery continues as Popliteal artery
Popliteal Artery
Maharashtra
1. Muscular
 
State
2. Superior muscular
 
Second
3. Sural
 
Chief
4. Cutaneous
 
Minister
5. Medial superior genicular
 
Liked
6. Lateral superior genicular
 
Many
7. Middle genicular
 
More
8. Medial inferior genicular
 
Lakes
9. Lateral inferior genicular
 
And
10. Anterior tibial
 
A
a. Anterior tibial recurrent
Few
b. Fibular
People
c. Posterior tibial
May
d. Muscular
Agree
e. Anterior lateral malleolar
After
f. Anterior medial malleolar
Discussion
g. Dorsal pedis (continues as)
Current
Cutaneous
Literature
Lateral tarsal
Made
Medial tarsal
Available
Arcuate
For
First dorsal
Many
Metatarsal
Departments
Deep plantar
Ponds
11. Posterior tibial
 
People
a. Peroneal
 
Many
Muscular
 
Nervous
Nutrient to fibula
 
People
Perforating communicating
 
Live
Lateral calcaneal 
 
Lonely
Lateral posterior malleolar
 
Never
b. Nutrient to tibia
 
Mind;
c. Muscular
 
People
d. Posterior medial malleolar
 
Cheating
e. Communicating
 
Many
f. Medial calcaneal
 
Married
g. Medial plantar
 
Ladies
h. Lateral plantar
 
Relations


Arch of Aorta

A. Posterior and to the right
Taste
1. Trachea
Only
2. Oesophagus
Last
3. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Three
4. Thoracic duct
Varieties
5. Vertebral column
B. Anterior and to the left
Long
1. Lung and pleura
Live
2. Left phrenic
Lovely
3. Left vagus
Charming
4. Cardiac nerves
Star
5. Superior intercostal vein
C. Below
Low
1. Left bronchus
Rivers
2. Right pulmonary artery
Lose
3. Ligamentum arteriosum
Land
4. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Surface
5. Superficial cardiac plexus
D. Above
Lost
1. Left common carotid
Lighter
2. Left subclavian
In
3. Innominate
The
4. Thymus
Lane
5. Left innominate vein
Descending Thoracic Aorta


Begins   At left side of lower border of 4th thoracic vertebra as continuation of the arch of aorta
Ends      In front of the lower border of 12th dorsal vertebra  at the aortic hiatus in the diaphragm, by becoming abdominal aorta
Relations

A. Anterior (From above downwards) 
Rude
1. Root of left lung
Persons
2. Pericardium
Offen
3. Oesophagus (at lower part of thorax)
Decline
4. Diaphragm
B. Posterior
1. Vertebral column
2. Hemiazygos vein
C. Right
A
1. Azygos vein
Tall
2. Thoracic duct
Officer
3. Oesophagus (at upper part)
D. Left 
Pretty
1. Pleura
Lady
2. Left lung
Officer
3. Oesophagus (close to diaphragm)
Abdominal Aorta


Begins   At the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm, in front of the lower border of the body of the last thoracic vertebra
Ends     On the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra, commonly a little to the left of the middle line, 103 by dividing into the two common iliac arteries
Relations

A. Anterior
Little
Lesser omentum
School
Stomach
Boy
Branches of the celiac artery 
Broke
Branches of the celiac plexus
Some
Splenic vein
Parking
Pancreas
Lights
Left renal vein
During
Duodenum, inferior part
My
Mesentery
Absence
Aortic plexus
B. Posterior
All
Anterior longitudinal ligament
Indian
Intervertebral fibrocartilages
Lads
Left lumbar veins
Leaning
Lumbar vertebra
C. Right
Anyone
Azygos vein
Can
Cisterna chyli
Try
Thoracic duct
Roaming
Right crus of the diaphragm
In
Inferior vena cava
Rome
Right celiac ganglion
D. Left
Long
Left crus of the diaphragm
Live
Left celiac ganglion
Devinder
Duodenum, ascending part
Singh
Small intestine
Innominate Artery
A. Anterior
Then
1. Thymus
Let
2. Left innominate vein
Me
3. Manubrium
Show
4. Sternoclavicular joint
Some
5. Sternohyoid
Samples
6. Sternothyroid
B. Posterior
1. Trachea
2. Lung and pleura
3. Longus cervicis muscle
C. Right
1. Right innominate vein
2. Superior vena cava
D. Left
1. Left common carotid artery
2. Trachea
Common Carotid Artery
A. Anterior
Some
1. Sternohyoid
Senior
2. Sternothyroid
Lady
3. Left pleura - anterior portion
Left
4. Left brachiocephalic vein
Tennis
5. Thymus
B. Posterior
The
1. Trachea
Little
2. Left subclavian artery
Lad
3. Left edge of oesophagus
Licking
4. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
Tomato
5. Thoracic duct
C. Right
Better
1. Brachiocephalic trunk
Travel
2. Trachea
In
3. Inferior thyroid veins
Train
4. Thymus
D. Left
Ladies
1. Left vagus nerve
Pay
2. Phrenic nerve
Little
3. Left pleura and lung
External Carotid Artery
A. Superficial
Should
1. Skin
Senior
2. Superficial facia
Doctor
3. Deep fascia
See
4. Sternocleidomastoid
Patient
5. Posterior belly of digastric
Suffering
6. Stylohyoid
From
7. Facial nerve
Jaundice?
8. Junction of superficial temporal and maxillary veins
B. Deep
World
1. Wall of pharynx
Sports
2. Superior laryngeal nerve
Association
3. Ascending pharyngeal artery
Is
4. Internal carotid artery
Searching
5. Styloid process
Some
6. Styloglossus
Smart
7. Stylopharyngeus
Good
8. Glossopharyngeal nerve
Polo
9. Pharyngeal branch of vagus nerve
Player
10. Parotid gland

(a) Normal position, external features and parts of the heart; internal features of the chambers of heart, names of the blood vessels and venous drainage of the organs, structures and body as a whole, conducting system of heart, fibroskeleton of heart.

(b) Variation(s), developmental anomalies of heart and blood vessels, valvular defects and their effects in pathogenesis of the anomalies.


 

 

 
 
 

 

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